Hard times

Consequently, it is significant that Louisa often gazes into the fireplace when she is alone, as if she sees things in the flames that others—like her rigid father and brother—cannot see.

He also suggests that Mrs. James Harthouse — is an indolent, languid, upper-class gentleman, who attempts to woo Louisa.

Bounderby is a manufacturer and mill owner who is affluent as a result of his enterprise and capital. Bounderby is suspicious when she tells him Stephen was visited by Louisa and Tom the night he was dismissed, and brings her to Gradgrind's house where Louisa confirms Rachael's account.

Gradgrind, is an invalid who constantly complains. Harthouse, a leisured gent, is compared to an "iceberg" who will cause a wreck unwittingly, due to him being "not a moral sort of fellow", as he states himself.

This gives Bounderby a sense of superiority, as it does with Mrs. He forms a close bond with Rachael, a co-worker, whom he wishes to marry.

Hard Times

Stephen Blackpool, a destitute worker, is equipped with perfect morals, always abiding by his promises, and always thoughtful and considerate of others, as is Sissy Jupe. Bounderby spends his whole time fabricating stories about his childhood, covering up the real nature of his upbringing, which is revealed at the end of the novel.

While Sissy is the device of imagination and fantasy in the novel, she also serves as the voice of reason. Tom admires Harthouse, who holds him in some contempt, and Tom discloses contempt for Bounderby in the presence of Harthouse, who notes Louisa's affection for Tom and later learns that Tom has money problems - and that Tom persuaded Louisa to marry Bounderby to make his own life easier.

When Harthouse confesses his love for Louisa, Louisa refuses him.

Sissy continues to fall behind in the school, so Mr. In contrast to these behaviours, Mr. Thomas Malthuswho wrote An Essay on the Principle of Population, warning of the dangers of future overpopulationand Jane.

Sparsit gives him the news her surveillance has brought. Josiah Bounderby, "a man perfectly devoid of sentiment", is revealed as Gradgrind's close friend. However, Thomas Macaulay branded it "sullen socialism", on the grounds that Dickens did not fully comprehend the politics of the time.

Harthouse is utterly bored by him, but enamoured of the now melancholy Louisa. Dickens wished to satirise radical Utilitarians whom he described in a letter to Charles Knight as "see[ing] figures and averages, and nothing else.

Louisa never ceases to adore Tom, and she aids Sissy and Mr.

Gradgrind tells Bounderby that Louisa resisted Harthouse's advances but has experienced a crisis and needs time to recover. As they consider her a bad influence on the other children, Gradgrind and Bounderby dismiss Sissy from the school; but the three soon discover her father has abandoned her thereto, in hope that she will lead a better life without him.

Adam Smith after the famous theorist of laissez-faire policyMalthus after Rev. Her machinations are unsuccessful and she is ultimately sacked by Bounderby.

At the Gradgrind house, Tom and Louisa are discontented by their education. Fancy, the opposite of Fact, is epitomised by Sleary's circus. Bounderby refuses to recognize the difficulties faced by those in lower classes, as seen by him completely casting aside Stephen's request for help.

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Hard Times

In Dickens's interpretation, the prevalence of utilitarian values in educational institutions, promoted contempt between mill owners and workersReviews: Sep 04,  · Watch video · The adventures of a drifter turned illegal prize-fighter during the Depression Era in New Orleans/10(8K).

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This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Hard Times. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.

Hard Times – For These Times (commonly known as Hard Times) is the tenth novel by Charles Dickens, first published in The book surveys English society and satirises the social and economic conditions of the era. Hard Times is unusual in several ways. It is by far the shortest of Dickens' novels, barely a quarter of the length of those written immediately before and after it.

This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Hard Times. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.

Hard times
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