Ethical theories in information technology

University of Chicago Press. The intellective skills to deal with information 2. This module will very briefly introduce you to two major types of moral theories - teleological and deontological- and show varying methods of arriving at an ethical decision.

If the claims made by Stiegler are correct then this fundamental unity between the human and the technical as expressed through the idea of epiphylogenesis have important implications for how we think about our relationship with technology.

The founder of this new philosophical field was the American scholar Norbert Wiener, a professor of mathematics and engineering at MIT. Ethics and Information Technology 3. Let us consider this approach in more detail through an example of virtuality.

Erasmus University Press, —; reprinted Nissenbaum a. Use the core values and the ethical resources of just consequentialism to revise existing — but inadequate — policies, or else to create new policies that justly eliminate the vacuum and resolve the original ethical issue.

Identify a policy vacuum generated by computing technology. He added additional ideas in the s, including the important notion of core human values: Problems and Perspectives, Oxford: The metaphysical ideas and analytical methods that he employed were so powerful and wide-ranging that they could be used effectively for identifying, analyzing and resolving social and ethical problems associated with all kinds of information technology, including, for example, computers and computer networks; radio, television and telephones; news media and journalism; even books and libraries.

For example you are a different person to me with a mobile phone than without one. Ethi- Elements of Moral Philosophy, p. The first type of relationship he calls embodiment relations. Focal things solicit our full and engaging presence.

For some example publications, see Johnson,; Maner, ; Gorniak-Kocikowska ; Tavani; Himma ; Floridi and Sanders ; Mather ; and BynumHandbook of Research on Technoethics pp. In these debates Jim Moor has argued that computers show up policy vacuums that require new thinking and the establishment of new policies.

It also mostly assumes that the particular technology—mobile phones in this case—operates in a more or less uniform manner in different social practices and settings. Cambridge University Press, 8— Statistical databases - are databases that contain large numbers of personal records, but are intended to supply only statistical information.

Others have argued that the resources provided by classical ethical theory such as utilitarianism, consequentialism and deontological ethics is more than enough to deal with all the ethical issues emerging from our design and use of information technology Gert Lack of an effective analogy forces us to discover new moral values, formulate new moral principles, develop new policies, and find new ways to think about the issues presented to us.

For more than a decade, her textbook set the computer ethics research agenda on topics, such as ownership of software and intellectual property, computing and privacy, responsibilities of computer professionals, and fair distribution of technology and human power. This is the purpose of a human life.

What sort of subjects do we become and what does the world become through the embodiments of the microscope, the telescope, self-driving cars, the computer screen, and so forth.

Cambridge University Press, Let us take the human experience of listening to music and consider it phenomenologically. However, an extremely careful assessment of all the relevant aspects of risk and responsibility must precede such an act. A Critical Companion to Ihde, Albany: With this approach, every existing entity — humans, other animals, plants, organizations, even non-living artifacts, electronic objects in cyberspace, pieces of intellectual property — can be interpreted as potential agents that affect other entities, and as potential patients that are affected by other entities.

Four hundred people from thirty-two American states and seven other countries attended; and the conference generated a wealth of new computer ethics materials — monographs, video programs and an extensive bibliography — which were disseminated to hundreds of colleges and universities during the following two years.

Both in its design and in its actual use there is an ongoing reciprocal relationship in which society and technology co-construct each other; they act through and upon each other. The good doctor constantly strives to make the correct diagnoses and to develop the proper treatment plan.

System safeguards, such as control audits are necessary to maintain information accuracy.

Computer and Information Ethics

That is what is self-defeating in modes of contemporary culture that concentrate on self-fulfillment in opposition to the demands of society, or nature, which shut out history and the bonds of solidarity.

New Academic Publishers, — Nevertheless, they always make assumptions or take for granted certain values and beliefs mostly their own when they construct artifacts. The same technology has also made it easier to engage in ethical or unethical business practices electronically anywhere in the world.

Ethics in technology is a sub-field of ethics addressing the ethical questions specific to the Technology Age. Some prominent works of philosopher Hans Jonas are devoted to ethics of technology.

Ethical Theories and Computer Ethics

The subject has also been explored, following the work of Mario Bunge, under the term technoethics. 1. Founding Computer and Information Ethics. In the mid s, innovative developments in science and philosophy led to the creation of a new branch of ethics that would later be called “computer ethics” or “information ethics”.


Computer and Information Ethics

University of Western Sydney-Nepean. Phillip Reeves Knyght. University of Canberra, Australia. These two theories, the teleological and the deontological, are the main ethical theories upon which individuals can base ethical decisions. Both may be adapted to the computerized society so that one may act morally regarding technology.

1. Founding Computer and Information Ethics.

Ethical Theories and Computer Ethics

In the mid s, innovative developments in science and philosophy led to the creation of a new branch of ethics that would later be called “computer ethics” or “information ethics”.

THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE ETHICS OF PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT IN THE THIRD MILLENNIUM. Kantian theory) ethics have been criticized for being overly reliant on over-riding moral principles dictated by reason (Abelson and Nielson, an information technology consultant.

Ethical theories in information technology
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