The TTT map calculates the first-arrival travel times of the tsunami, following their generation at the earthquake epicenter. It is estimated that only two to seven hundred people survived.
Sri Lanka tsunami height survey: Tsunamis are more frequent in the Pacific Ocean than in other oceans because of earthquakes in the "Ring of Fire".
To the NNW, the basaltic volcanism results from short spreading centers, and to the east the Banda Arc reflects Pacific Ocean crust sub ducted westward. The number of deaths currently stands at 68 with 52 in Penang, 10 in Kedah, 3 in Perak and 1 in Selangor.
The sea receded drawback 10 minutes after the earthquake and the first wave came rapidly landward from the southwest as a turbulent flow flood with depths ranging from 0. Coastal areas in Peninsular Malaysia e. Consequently, the tsunami stranded cargo ships and barges and destroyed a cement factory near the Lampuuk coast.
Reportedly 90 people were killed, but eyewitnesses estimate that more than people have died. It caused the entire planet to vibrate as much as 1 centimetre 0.
The tsunami height on the Banda Aceh coast was lower than half of that on the west coast. The number tags represent hours after the initial event.
Tsunami Generating Area Based on the plate tectonics of the convergence zone that has formed the SundaTrench and on aftershock distribution, the tsunami generating area is believed to be a somewhat irregular, broken up ellipsoid which changes from a Northwest Southeast orientation of about degrees in the lower section to an almost North - South degrees orientation in the upper section.
These volatiles rise into the overlying plate, causing partial melting and the formation of magma.
In the neighboring Amparai district alone, more than 5, people died. This greatly increased the geographical area over which the waves were observed, reaching as far as Mexico, Chile, and the Arctic.
How has the occurrence of the magnitude 9. Evacuations occurred in the northern Malaysian states of Penang and Kedahas well as the eastern coast of Sri Lankawhere ten people were killed in the confusion of the evacuation.
Measurements from these satellites may prove invaluable for the understanding of the earthquake and tsunami. Island folklore recounted an earthquake and tsunami inand the islanders fled to inland hills after the initial shaking and before the tsunami struck.
The Indian Plate is part of the great Indo-Australian Platewhich underlies the Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengaland is moving north-east at an average of 6 centimetres per year 2. Very heavy damage occurred as far South as Tapatkuan. Destructive waves also struck the Maldives, Somalia, Kenya and the islands off the African coast.
Map contours represent 1-hour intervals. The aftermath of the December tsunami in Aceh, Indon. The earthquake resulted from complex slip on the fault where the oceanic portion of the Indian Plate slides under Sumatrapart of the Eurasian Plate.
On such coasts, a tsunami won't be able to run inland as far as it did in Aceh, the region located on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra, where approximatelyIndonesians were killed or went missing in the disaster, and approximatelywere left homeless.
Eyewitness accounts, photosand videos provided unprecidented documentation of the event. Chowra Island lost two thirds of its population of 1, If an afteshcok is stong enough and it is strongly felt, evacuation to higher elevation is advised.
An oceanic trench several kilometres wide was exposed in the earthquake zone.
Also, it is quite possible that not all of the energy was released in the Nicobar and Andaman section of the Sunda Trench by the 26 December earthquake - in which case the next major earthquake could occur there sooner than one off Northern Sumatra. The following is a brief summary compiled from numerous government, U.
According to local information, tsunami waves attacked the area thrice. Subsequently the rupture continued - at a much slower rate in an approximate North-South direction - for another km along another segment of the northern Sunda fault system.
This section of the Sunda megathrust is one of the more likely sources of a destructive tsunamis in the region. Despite a lag of up to several hours between the earthquake and the impact of the tsunami, nearly all of the victims were taken by surprise.
This was followed by a large withdrawal of the sea before the second and third waves hit. Apparently, the island rose which accounts for the lower wave heights that were observed. It also benefited from the fact that the earthquake proceeded more slowly in the northern rupture zone, greatly reducing the energy of the water displacements in that region.
Affected or destroyed towns on the region's north and east coast were Pidie Regency, Samalanga, Panteraja, and Lhokseumawe. The 26 December earthquake and tsunami resulted in overdamaged or destroyed homes and overinternally displaced people in northern Sumatra.
Reconstruction and recovery from. The December Earthquake in Northern Sumatra, Indonesia Sarah Loiacano November 16, Geology Section H On December 26,mass destruction and devastation was the result of a large earthquake off of the West Coast of Northern Sumatra, Indonesia.
The earthquake hit at just before 1am GMT or am local time on 26 December The magnitude earthquake struck 30km below the surface around km off the western coast of northern Sumatra. Indian Ocean tsunami oftsunami that hit the coasts of several countries of South and Southeast Asia in December The tsunami and its aftermath were responsible for immense destruction and loss on the rim of the Indian Ocean.
On December 26,at am local time, an undersea earthquake with a magnitude of struck off the coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. The December Earthquake in Northern Sumatra, Indonesia Sarah Loiacano November 16, Geology Section H On December 26,mass destruction and devastation was the result of a large earthquake off of the West Coast of Northern Sumatra, Indonesia.
Tsunami SumatraAndaman Indonesia Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake and Tsunami The earthquake that generated the great Indian Ocean tsunami of was an undersea megathrust earthquake that occurred at am local time on Sunday, 26 DecemberDecember 2004 earhquake in northern sumatra